Three Organs of the Government (Power and Functions)

Three Organs of the Government (Power and Functions)

Organs of government

The government plays an important role in running any country. This government runs the country by working with certain rules and regulations.

The Indian government is divided into three parts to handle the administration and functioning of the country.

We call these the “three organs of the government.”

The three organs of government are named as the Legislature, Executive, and Judiciary.

These organs have their own functions and powers.

Let us know about them and their functions in detail.

What Are The Three Organs Of the Government?


The primary function of the legislature is to enact laws.

This part of the government creates and changes the laws and policies for our country.

It is the basis for the functioning of the other two organs of government.

The Legislature is related to Parliament. The legislature is at two levels; the state and central levels.

The central legislative body is Parliament, and the state legislative body is the Legislative Assembly.

The Parliament consists of two houses; the Rajya Sabha, also known as the Upper House, and the Lok Sabha, also known as the Lower House.

Functions of legislature

  • This organ makes laws.
  • It is the custodian of national finance.
  • It has control over the executive.
  • Discuss and debate the issues.
  • Power regarding the judiciary.


The executive is the organ that implements the laws and policies enacted by the legislature.

It is the administrative head of the government.

The executive is also at two levels; the state and central levels.

At the central level, it includes the president, vice-president, prime minister, cabinet ministers, other ministers, and civil servants.

And at the state level, it includes the chief minister, governor, council of ministers, and officials.

Let us also know some of their functions.

Functions of executive

  • Making appointments,
  • Defense and war peace,
  • Prepare the budget.
  • Execute treaties and agreements.


This organ of government makes sure that the laws are obeyed.

It gives justice and resolves conflicts by interpreting the constitution.

It includes the supreme court at the central level, the high court at the state level, and the subordinate courts.

This organ of government is independent of the other two organs.

Let us also know some of their functions.

Functions of executive

  • Give justice.
  • It interprets laws.
  • guarding the constitution.
  • Protection of rights.

Last words

So these were the three organs of the government.

Hopefully, by now you must have come to know very well what their powers and functions are.

Share this with your friends and share your thoughts in the comments below.

Thanks for reading!

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